Mysore Silk Saree KSIC | Best Silk Sarees in India - TBI

The development of Mysore silk sarees KSIC is credited to the reign of Tipu Sultan in 1785 AD. But what has kept the craze going is the quality of the fabric, a mix of 100 per cent fine silk and pure gold zari (which is 65 per cent silver and 0.65 per cent pure gold) that comes together to create a perfectly stylish piece of South Indian culture for the discerning global fashionista.

Legend also has it that Maharaja Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV went to Britain to be a part of Queen Victoria’s jubilee celebrations and was taken in by the machine-made silk fabrics that the British royalties donned. He then, at that point, proceeded to arrange 32 power looms from Switzerland and started what is currently known as the primary creation of machine-made silk sarees in India.

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The entrance is simple and the Mysore Silk Saree KSIC is indeed simpler with seating for about 10 people, a cashier section, a marshland section, and a kitchen. Generally, everyone goes then for the Mylari Dosa, but the hotel also serves plain dosa, idlis, and pipeline hot sludge coffee. 

Service is a bit slow or can say moderate, but all that stay turns into a big smile when you see the hotel staff carry a mammoth number of Mylari dosa plates neatly piled one on top of the other. Since the Mylari Dosa is the most famous order, the hotel will keep on serving them till you say enough. 

And later each that crisp caloric dosas and a glass of sludge coffee and you can make your way to one of the numerous lodestones of Mysore megacity.

Mysore silk saree KSIC history

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The silk weaving factory in Mysore, presently owned by KSIC, was in the year 1912 by the Maharaja of Mysore province, Nalwadi Krishna Raja Wadiyar. Initially, the silk fabrics were manufactured & supply to meet the requirements of the royal family and ornamental fabrics to their armed forces. In the initial time, the looms and preparatory machines were imported from Switzerland. After Indian Independence the Mysore state Sericulture Dept. took complete care of the silk weaving factory.

In 1980 the Silk weaving factory was given over to Karnataka Silk Industries Corporation Ltd., a Govt. of Karnataka enterprise and is popularly named KSIC. The initiatives of the KSIC modern silk industry started and still continuing. KSIC is the only organization in the country commenting on the entire garment of silk production right from reeling of cocoons to the weaving of pure silk fabric of a number of multiple shades and designs, all under one roof. KSIC uses only good quality pure natural silk and 100% pure gold zari. It is placed in the heart of the Mysore city and is spread over 17 acres.

The raw silk yarn Filatures obtain from T. Narasipura factory and open Market are put through multiple processes and Quality silk products (Mysore silk saree KSIC) are produced for end-user consumption. The factory has an installing capacity of 8,00,000 Mtrs per annum.

Inside the silk saree

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The factory today has more than 159 looms. KSIC silk products are well named in the market due to their 100% pure silk blended with 100% pure gold Zari (65% of silver & 0.65% of Gold). The saris made come in different verities to suit the customer tastes viz: Crepe-de-chine, Georgette, Zari printed crepe silk sarees, semi crepe sarees. The sarees are printed by art or dyed. The sarees come in over 100 more colours and in any number of design combinations. Some of the design combinations at Mysore Silk Saree KSIC are:

  • Embroidery Design saree
  • Big Butta Pallu Zari
  • Rich Pallu Sari Saree
  • Jawar Border Saree
  • Small Mango Saree
  • Zari Printed Saree
  • Saree Tissue Saree
  • Traditional Zari Saree
  • Checked Zari Saree
  • Mango Border Saree
  • Sunrise Design saree
  • Butta Pallu Saree
  • Double Line Checks Saree.

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Procuring of Raw Materials

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Silk filature refers to raw silk manufacturing units. The raw silk yarn is obtained from the T. Narasipura factory, 25 km away from the Mysore silk saree KSIC production the factory. A single cocoon produced 800-900mts. of yarn, but usage yarn is only up to 400-600mts. The remaining yarn is used to produce the  Kashmiri carpets and is auctioned. The dead pupa remains and from it, protein is extracted and used to make dog biscuits and lipsticks.

They are sold for as less amount as 5-10 rupees for a kilogram. The unit manufactures raw silk yarn and transfers it to meet the raw material source requirement of the silk weaving factory in Mysore. The linear mass density of silk fibre is measured in units called dernier. The Mysore silk factory KSIC deals with 26-28 deniers of the silk thread.

Soaking, Twisting, Wafting and Winding

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Soaking:

Coconut oil is used as it makes the fabric soft for temporary colouring. The temporary colouring is done for identifying the warps and the wefts.

Equipment used:

Steam supply by Boiler House to Aluminum Tubs. Plastic water Container.

Precautions:

Checking the Boiler Steam Pressure.

Preparation:

Partitioning the Raw Silk Yarn indented for Warp and Weft as per production plan

Warp Section:

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i) Winding:

The winding system is normal for both the creation of the twists and the wefts.

ii) Cone Winding:

This section consists of 12 machines. A solitary cone comprises silk produced through 80-90 cocoons. It takes 4 hours to wind one cone. In this manner, two movements of four hours each are completed.

 The machine strings 162 meters of silk onto one cone in 1 minute so uniformly that when it goes to the weaving section there are no holes viewed as in the sarees. 14,800 silk threads are along these lines around one cone.

iii) Warping Machine:

All the cone bobbins are moved on a self-loader warping machine. The warping machine comprises a sum of 438 bobbins mounted in 34 segments.

Gold Lace Section: Warping for Borders:

The gold, silver and silk are imported from Surat. It consists of 0.65% gold and 65% silver.

i) Gold Warping:

A smaller version of the warp machine is used in the gold lace section. The gold threads from the bobbins are transferred into rolls for the warp. Medium versions of the shuttles are used in the weaving.

ii) Gold Weft:

All 3 materials are wound into one bobbin which in turn is converted into a pirn to fit into the shuttle for the weft.

Weaving Process:

The company just recently imported machines from Japan. German machines were utilized before that and were replaced 5 years ago.

The power looms are separated into two types:

  • Jacquard loom
  • Dobby loom
 

The weaving machines are provided with designs by the planning segment that is taken care of into the machine to weave designs onto the sarees.

a) Jacquard Loom:

These looms are powerful and require years of experience from the labourers to handle them. They have a 600-700 yarn capacity. The patterns are repeated and need to be observed to check whether any thread gets free or cut. Each saree takes about 4 hours on the machine and generates big borders of gold on both sides of the saree.

b) Dobby Loom:

A Dobby loom is a type of floor loom that controls the whole warp line of the threads using a device called a dobby. A dobby loom is an option in contrast to a multiple treadle loom. Each one of them is a floor loom in which each warp thread on the loom is connected to a single shaft utilizing a gadget called a heddle.

How to identify a Mysore silk saree KSIC

Each Mysore Silk saree KSIC has a unique code embroidered in a corner, which gives you:

  • The history of the Mysore Silk Saree KSIC
  • Details about its manufacturing
  • How many hours were spent on it
  • The wages that the weavers got for the saree
  • That is one of the most telling signs and the easiest way to spot an original from a fake.
 

You can also do a touch test. Rub the silk fabric or Mysore Silk Saree KSIC with your hands. If you feel the warmth on rubbing it, buy it. Artificial or synthetic silk doesn’t give the same feel how a Mysore Silk Saree KSIC does.

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